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Chapter 20, section 1 -  Society in the 1920's                                    
American Icons
  • Charles Lindbergh


  • Louis Armstrong


  • Amelia Earhart


  • Jack Dempsey


  • Babe Ruth


  • Al Capone

The Flapper movement

The flapper, a type of bold, fun-loving young woman, came to symbolize a revolution in manners and morals that took place in the 1920s.

Flappers challenged conventions of dress, hairstyle, and behavior.
Many Americans disapproved of flappers’ free manners as well as the departure from traditional morals that they represented.
                                                              The Jazz Age


Working Women                                                                                                  Woman Voting

Demographics changing from rural to urban - Interactive map 

Great Migration
  Section 2 Mass Media, Movies and the Jazz Age
Mass Media - Any kind of communication tool - newspapers, tv, radio, magazines (ex. Reader's digest)
Movies  - The Jazz Singer                                                                                                 Charlie Chaplin                                                              

Newspaper and Magazine readership increased.
The Jazz Age
Swing & the Cotton Club
Sinclair Lewis

was an Americannovelist, short-story writer, and playwright. In 1930, he became the first writer from the United States to be awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, "for his vigorous and graphic art of description and his ability to create, with wit and humor, new types of characters." His works are known for their insightful[1] and critical views of American society and capitalist values, as well as for their strong characterizations of modern working women.

The Lost Generation

"Lost generation" usually refers specifically to the American expatriate writers associated with 1920s Paris, especially Hemingway and Fitzgerald, and to a lesser extent T. S. Eliot and Ezra Pound. Hemingway used the phrase "You are all a lost generation" as the epigraph to his first novel THE SUN ALSO RISES (1926), and the influential critic Malcolm Cowley (1898-1989) used "lost generation" in various studies of expatriate writers.

The Harmem Renaissance
Langston Hughes
Section 3
Organized Crime
Fundamentalism vs. Evolution
Racial Tensions
Marcus Garvey

Chapter 21
Section 1 - A Republican Decade
Red Scare- an fear of communism.
  •  In light of the recent communist revolution in Russia (1917 - Lenin's October Revolution)

Schenckv. U.S.

  • Charles Schenck mailed letters urging men to avoid military service.


  • Schenck was convicted of breaking the Espionage Act.  In his appeals,

            Schencksaid he was exercising his freedom of speech.


  • The Supreme Court said that the government is justified in silencing free
  •     speech when there is a “clear and present danger.”

Sacco and Vanzetti

  • Two anarchists were accused of a robbery and murder.


  • Many people believed that they were singled out because they were both

            radicals and immigrants. 


  • After a  trial that many believed was unfair, the jury found them guilty and

           sentenced them to death.




Labor Strikes
Steel and Coal Strikes
President Harding
Foreign Policy
Domestic Issues
National Origins Act
The Chinese Exclusion Act
The Teapot Dome Scandal
Historic Dow Jones Graph


1.  Which event of the 1920s symbolized a conflict over cultural values?

  1. election of Herbert Hoover (#25-June ’04)

  2. transatlantic flight of Charles Lindbergh

  3. Scopes trial

  4. stock market crash


2.  Langston Hughes and Duke Ellington are noted for their contributions to the cultural movement

       of the 1920s known as the (#24-Jan. ’05)

  1. Gospel of Wealth

  2. Lost Generation

  3. Harlem Renaissance

  4. Gilded Age


3.  Which factor contributed most to the growth of nativist attitudes in the United States in the years

       immediately following World War I? (#25-June ’05)

  1. the establishment of national Prohibition

  2. a decline of organized religions

  3. the increase in the number of settlement houses

  4. the large numbers of immigrants from southern and eastern Europe


4.  What was a principle reason for rapid economic growth in the United States during the 1920s?

      (#26-June ’05)

  1. prosperity of American agriculture

  2. increase of American imports

  3. development of many new consumer goods

  4. increased spending on defense


5.  The influence of nativism during the 1920s is best illustrated by the (#27 - Aug. ’05)

  1. increase in the popularity of the automobile

  2. emergence of the flappers

  3. expansion of trusts and monopolies

  4. growth of the Ku Klux Klan

“Public Ignores Prohibition Restrictions”

“Evolution and Creation Debated in Scopes Trial

“Women Bring Change to the Industrial Workforce”


6. What do headlines such as these from the 1920s illustrate? (#28-Aug. ’05)

  1. conflict between traditional and modern values

  2. trend toward mass consumption of consumer goods

  3. hostility of certain groups toward ethnic minorities

  4. debate over the role of government in the economy


7. The Supreme Court decision in Schenck v. United States (1919) stated that (# 23-June ’06)

  1. immigrants have limited rights

  2. freedom of speech is not absolute

  3. rights of the accused may not be limited

  4. women should be granted suffrage


8. In the 1920s, both Langston Hughes and Duke Ellington made major contributions to (#25-August ’06)

  1. economic growth                             3.  the creative arts

  2. educational reform                         4.  political leadership



9.  The “Holy War” illustrated in the cartoon was an effort to (#22-Jan. ’07)

  1. recruit women soldiers

  2. promote world peace

  3. ban the sale of alcoholic beverages

  4. spread Christian religious beliefs


10.  Women gained a victory in the “war” shown in the cartoon through the (#23-Jan. ’07)

  1. ratification of a constitutional amendment

  2. legalization of birth control

  3. expansion of missionary activities overseas

  4. repeal of national Prohibition


11. A primary reason for the establishment of the Open Door policy (1899) was to (#24-Jan. ’07)

  1. protect United States trade in the Far East

  2. gain control of the Panama Canal Zone

  3. encourage Chinese immigration to the United States

  4. improve relations with Russia






12.  What does the map show about woman’s suffrage legislation before ratification of the federal

    woman’s suffrage amendment in 1920? (#27-Jan. ’07)

  1. Opposition to woman’s suffrage was strongest in the New England states.

  2. New York was the first state to grant women the right to vote in state elections.

  3. State legislatures never gave women the right to vote.

  4. Many western states granted women suffrage before passage of the 19th amendment.


13.  Which issue was the focus of the Supreme Court decision in Schenck v. United States (1919)?

       (#30-Jan. ’07)

  1. freedom of speech for war protesters

  2. relocation of ethnic minority groups

  3. use of detention camps for enemy aliens

  4. integration of military forces


14.  During the Harlem Renaissance of the 1920s, African American authors and artists used literature

       and art to (#31-Jan. ’07)

  1. end segregation of public facilities

  2. promote affirmative action programs

  3. celebrate the richness of their heritage

  4. urge voters to elect more African Americans to political office


15. Which characteristic of the 1920s is illustrated by the trial of Sacco and Vanzetti? (#28-June ’07)

  1. hostility toward woman’s suffrage

  2. support for segregation

  3. opposition to separation of church and state

  4. intolerance toward immigrants


16. The Harlem Renaissance promoted African American culture by (#28-Jan. ’09)

  1. increasing factory employment opportunities for minorities

  2. encouraging immigration from Africa

  3. focusing attention on artistic contributions

  4. bringing an end to legalized racial segregation

17.  One of the major causes of the stock market crash of 1929 was (#26- Aug 2010)

  1. excessive buying of stocks on margin

  2. overconsumption of goods and services

  3. failure of international banking systems

  4. low prices of stocks and bonds


18.  Which action did President Franklin D. Roosevelt take that helped organized labor gain strength

       during the New Deal? (#27-Aug 2010)

  1. requiring the American Federation of Labor to admit skilled workers

  2. allowing women to work in government agencies

  3. signing the National Labor Relations Act (Wagner Act)

  4. selecting John L. Lewis as his Secretary of Labor


19. Books such as the Octopus by Frank Norris, How The Other Half Lives by Jacob Riis, and The

      Jungle by Upton Sinclair exposed problems Associated with (Jan 11’)

  1. Naturalization of immigrants

  2. Westward expansion

  3. Rapid industrialization

  4. Environmental conservation


Base your answer to question 20 on the passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.

“I will build a motor car for the great Multitude. It will be large enough for the family But small enough for the individual to run and Care for. It will be constructed of the best Materials, by the best men to be hired, after the Simplest designs that modern engineering can Devise. But it will be so low in price that no man Making a good salary will be unable to own one— And enjoy with his family the blessing of hours of Pleasure in God’s great open spaces.” — Henry Ford, 1909


20. Which action is most closely associated with? Henry Ford’s attempt to realize this vision? 

               (#25 - Jan 11’)

  1. Providing cars in a variety of models

  2. Creating a business monopoly

  3. Downsizing the labor force

  4. Using the assembly line