Skip to main content

The Educator's Academy

Helping to transform education and ourselves.

Public Education Today
Government 12th Grade
Global History
Global Intro
Global Timeline
River Valley Civilization
Traditional Middle East
Traditional India
Traditional China
Traditional Japan
Traditional Africa
Traditional Latin America
Ancient Greece
Ancient Rome
Commercial Revolution
Age of Absolutism
English Revolution
Scientific Revolution
French Revolution
Industrial Revolution
Imperialism - Global Hist
Cold War
Europe - Modern Age
Africa - Modern Age
Middle East - Modern Age
India - Modern Age
China - Modern Age
Japan - Modern Age
Latin America -Modern Age
Southeast Asia - Modern
US History
Innovations & Curriculum
Technology & Education
ES BOCES Summer School
Moneyball & Education
Member Login
Site Map
Unit 7 - Africa in the Modern Age

Africa  - A Continent of 54 Nations



·         Atlas Mountains         ·  Ethiopian Highlands       ·  Great _______ Valley (What is important about the Great Rift Valley?)




River systems

·         _______     ·Congo·  Niger

Climatic Regions

·         Deserts     · Mediterranean    ·  Savannah     ·TropicalRain Forest


·         Gold   ·   _______    · Oil    · Cotton


Review of African History

Ø  Traditional Economic System: _______  Farming (Agriculture – Farming just enough for you and your family), trade, hunting

Ø  _______ - Everything in nature has a spirit, ancestor worship

Ø  Age of Exploration & Africa

Ø  Why?  



Ø  Effects?

Ø  _______  Settlement in Africa


Motives: Raw Materials, _______  Markets, Nationalism - to show that they were indeed a world power - “the sun never sets on the  _______  Empire”



Ø  Schools, hospitals, communication and  _____________  systems (infrastructure) were built.

Ø  Nationalist movements -  _____________   movements seek independence from foreign control.

Ø  Generally, France was the major colonial power in Western Africa while Britain controlled much of  _____________   Africa.


North Africa in Modern Times

Ø  Associated with the Middle East because it is very much part of the  _____________  world.

Ø  Libya -Muanmar al – _____________  Leader of a military coup against the monarchy of Libya in 1969.

o   Terrorism

o   Pam Am flight 103 over Scotland

o   Because of his terrorist activity, Muammar Qaddafi has isolated  _____________  from the international community.

Ø  Algeria

o   French settlers were known as colons.

o   Over 1 million people died in Algeria’s war for independence.



Western Africa

Review of West African Kingdoms

Ø  Islamic influence

Ø  Arrival of the Europeans

Ø  French Imperialism

Nationalist Movements

Ø  Ghana -1957 - was the first  _____________  country for receive independence

o   A  _____________  was used to gain independence from Great Britain.

o   Kwame Nkrumah- Led Ghana to independence from Great Britain.

Ø  Guinea - Ahmed Sekou Toure - nationalist leader of Guinea.

Central Africa

Ø  Nigeria - Although it had little trouble gaining its independence from Great Britain, Nigeria endured a devastating  _____________  after the Ibo established Biafra.

o   Ken Saro-Wiwa - author hanged by Nigerian military authorities.

Ø  Ethnic tensions vs. Nationalism

Ø  Zaire - Mobuto Sese Seko - Anti _____________  dictator supported by the U.S. who ruled until 1997.

East Africa

Ø  Tanzania  -     Nationalist leader -     Jules Nyerere

Ø  Kenya - Mau Mau Movement

o   Jomo  _____________  - First President of Kenya.

Southern African Nations

Ø  Eritrea, Zimbabwe & Namibia all emerged since the late 1970’s

Ø  Angola & Mozambique - These countries were finally granted their independence from Portugal because there was a democratic revolution in Portugal.

Ø  Rhodesia

o   Named after  _____________  (British Imperialist – Diamond miner) Ian Smith controlled this white minority government.  It followed a system of Apartheid.

o   Zimbabwe- The people of Rhodesia revolted under the leadership of Robert Mugabe to form this nation.

South Africa

Review of South African history

Ø  Traditional African Tribes -  _____________ 

Ø  Dutch settlement in the 1600’s

Ø  British attracted to its resources

Ø  _____________  War

Ø  Independence





South Aftica - 1948 - Official policy of  _____________  .

Ø  African National Congress

Ø  Nelson Mandala - in jail for 27 years.  Leader of the African National Congress who was sentenced to life in prison for subversion.

Ø  Bishop Desmund Tutu - Nobel Prize Winner

Ø  World opposition to Apartheid

Ø  South Africa was  _____________   from the Olympic games.

Ø  South Africa was barred from the United Nations.

Ø  Economic Sanctions

Ø  Countries refused to trade with South Africa.

Ø  President F.W. _____________  - South African President who released Nelson Mandala from jail.

Ø  1992- Release of Nelson Mandela from prison after 27  years of confinement.

Ø  1994 - First free elections in South Africa

Ø  Nelson Mandala as President

Ø  One of his primary goals when he became President in 1994 was to reconcile racial and ethnic groups.

Zaire   -  Mobuto Sese Seko - Sought help from the European nations to improve

             Zaire’s struggling economy.

Ø  Democratic Republic of the  _____________   -

Ø  This country has been unstable since the 1990’s

Ø  Laurent Kabila

Uganda General Idi Amin

Ethnic Tensions

Ø  Rwanda & Burundi - Thousands have died as a result of the civil wars involving the  _____________  and the tutsis.

o   Millions of refugees fled to Zaire

o   Civil War, _____________ 

o   United Nations peace keeping mission.

o   Refugees – Someone who flees for safety.

Ø  Ethiopia - Drought caused massive starvation in the 1980’s.

Ø  Somalia -Thousands have died as a result of the civil wars.

                        Clans, _____________ 

o   International Relief Efforts

o   United Nations Involvement

o   Africa in the 1980’s & 90’s

o   Common problems include


            challenges to democratic reform

            ethnic conflict.



Christianity. A History - 6. Dark Continents