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Civil War (1861- 1865)
 
The link below is a great website on the Civil War, be sure to spend some time going through the site before completing the questions below.
 

 

“. . . Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!” — Daniel Webster, 1830

  • The principle expressed in this statement was also reflected in  Abraham Lincoln’s attitude

               toward Southern seccession.

  • In his first inaugural address, President Abraham Lincoln stated his main goal for the nation was

              to preserve the Union

  • One immediate result of Abraham Lincoln’s election to the presidency in 1860 was that several

              Southern States seceded from the Union.

 

                                                                                                                       The first shots fired at Fort Sumpter, South Carolina

 

  • The North’s rapid economic growth during the Civil War was stimulated by increased

              government demand for many products

 

     

 

  •  The Civil War affected the northern economy by stimulating industrialization

  

 

 

 . . With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation’s wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations. — Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural Address, March 4, 1865

 

  • Lincoln sought a fair and generous peace

 

  • One major result of the Civil War was that the power of the central government was strengthened.

 

Civil War Regents Questions

   

 “Missouri Compromise Allows Two New States Into the Union”

“Congress Agrees to Compromise of 1850”

“Popular Sovereignty Adopted Under Kansas-Nebraska Act”

1. Which issue is reflected in these headlines?(# 11 - Au11)

(1) status of slavery in the territories and states

(2) growth of agriculture on the Great Plains

(3) clash of federal and state powers

(4) conflicts with foreign nations over the West

 

2 What was a major result of the Civil War?(# 12 -Au11)

(1) The judiciary became the dominant branch of the federal government.

(2) Congress passed an amendment to provide for the direct election of senators.

(3) The power of the central government was strengthened.

(4) States were given the right to secede from the Union.

 

3. In his first inaugural address, President Abraham Lincoln stated his main goal for the nation was to (17-Aug. ’10)

a. use the vote to resolve the conflict over slavery

b. free all slaves in the United States

c. uphold the Dred Scott decision

d. preserve the Union

 

4. The Supreme Court ruling in Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) helped to increase sectional conflict because the decision (#12-Ja10)

(1) denied Congress the power to regulate slavery in the territories

(2) allowed for the importation of enslaved persons for ten years

(3) prohibited slavery in lands west of the Mississippi River

(4) gave full citizenship to all enslaved persons

  

Base your answer to question 5on the quotation below

. . . With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation’s wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations. — Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural Address, March 4, 1865

 

5. This statement reveals President Lincoln’s support for(#14-Au08)

(1) a new peace treaty with Great Britain

(2) universal male suffrage

(3) a fair and generous peace

(4) harsh punishment for Confederate leaders

 

6. Which situation was the most immediate result of Abraham Lincoln’s election to the presidency in 1860? (#15-Aug. ’07)

a. Kansas and Nebraska joined the Union as free states.

b. A constitutional amendment was adopted to end slavery.

c. Missouri entered the Union as a slave state.

d. Several Southern States seceded from the Union.

 

7. The data shown in the graphs best support the conclusion that the North (16-Aug. ’07)

a. was better prepared economically to fight the Civil War

b. lagged behind the South in bank deposits

c. produced more agricultural products than the South

d. lacked several important resources to fight the war

 

8. The South won many battles and the Civil War lasted four years. These two facts support the conclusion that (#17-Aug. ’07)

a. the Underground Railroad was important to the Southern cause

b. factors other than those shown in the graphs were important

c. the North was more dependent on foreign aid than the South

d. personal wealth was a key factor in determining the outcome of the war

 

9.The North’s rapid economic growth during the Civil War was stimulated by (#14-Ju06)

(1) the elimination of taxes on defense industries

(2) a reduction in the number of immigrants

(3) increased government demand for many products

(4) enslaved persons filling industrial jobs

  

Base your answer to question 10 on the table below and on your knowledge of social studies.

 

 

10 Which statement is best supported by the data in the table? (#10-Au05)

(1) The Confederate troops lost the Civil War as a result of their higher numbers of injuries and fatalities.

(2) The Union army had better generals during the Civil War.

(3) The Civil War had more casualties than any other war.

(4) More soldiers died from disease than from wounds. Union Troops Confederate Troops

 

11 “. . . Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable!” — Daniel Webster, 1830

The principle expressed in this statement was also reflected in (#12-Au05)

(1) Thomas Jefferson’s call for nullification of the Alien and Sedition Acts

(2) Federalist Party threats during the War of 1812

(3) John Calhoun’s defense of States rights

(4) Abraham Lincoln’s attitude toward Southern secession

 

12 As the Civil War began, President Abraham Lincoln stated that his primary goal was to (#8-Aug. ’04)

a. end slavery

b. set new national boundaries

c. increase congressional powers

d. preserve the Union

 

13. The Civil War affected the northern economy by (#9-Aug. ’04)

a. causing a severe depression

b. increasing unemployment rates

c. decreasing demand for agricultural products

d. stimulating industrialization

 

Base your answer to question 14 on the poster below and on your knowledge of social studies.

 

14. This poster from the 1850s appeared in response to the (#10-Ju04)

(1) passage of the fugitive slave law

(2) start of the Civil War

(3) issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation

(4) enactment of the 13th Amendment

 

15. One way that “Bleeding Kansas,” the Dred Scott decision, and John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry had a similar effect on the United States was that these events (Ja 04)

(1) ended conflict over slavery in the territories

(2) eased tensions between the North and the South

(3) contributed to the formation of the Whig Party

(4) made sectional compromise more difficult

 

 

Reconstruction

 

 

One primary goal of President Abraham Lincoln’s post–Civil War policy  was to restore Southern representation in Congress

 

  • As a result of the disputed presidential election of 1876, reconstruction ended as federal troops were removed from the South.

 

  • Poll taxes, literacy tests, and grandfather clauses were adopted in Southern States primarily to keep African Americans from exercising their right to vote

 

In the late 1800s, southern state governments used literacy tests, poll taxes, and grandfather clauses prevent African Americans from voting

 

Following the Civil War, fewer immigrants settled in the South because  more factories that employed unskilled laborers were located in the North

 

The most direct effect of poll taxes and literacy tests on African Americans was to prevent them from voting

 

Following Reconstruction, the passage of Jim Crow laws in the South limited the effectiveness of  the 14th and 15th amendments

 

The passage of Jim Crow laws in the South after Reconstruction was aided in part by a narrow interpretation of the 14th amendment by the United States Supreme Court

 

A major purpose of the three amendments added to the United States Constitution between 1865 and 1870 was that they granted rights to African Americans

 

Extending the right to vote in national elections to formerly enslaved African Americans, women, and all citizens at least eighteen years old was accomplished through  constitutional amendments

 

During the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877), the 15th amendment was adopted to grant African Americans voting rights

 

Constitutional amendments adopted during Reconstruction were intended to provide legal and political rights for African Americans

 

11 “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. . . .”

— 15th Amendment, Section 1, United States  Constitution, 1870

Which actions did Southern States take to keep African Americans from exercising the rights guaranteed in this amendment? (Ja06)

(2) collecting poll taxes and requiring literacy tests

 

The Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) had a major impact on the lives of African Americans because it ruled that  separate but equal public facilities were legal

 

Literacy tests and poll taxes were often used to limit voter participation by African Americans

 

The Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) upheld a state law that had established racial segregation practices

 

Extending the right to vote in national elections to formerly enslaved African Americans, women, and all citizens at least eighteen years old was accomplished through constitutional amendments


Post Reconstruction

 

The "Solid South"

 

The term refers to the period when southern states predictably and reliably supported the Democratic Party, the first year would be either 1876 or 1880, and the last would be 1960.   The term "Solid South" is used to describe the  southern states voting as a block, particularly in Presidential elections, bound in the beginning by slavery, and later by racism.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

What are the different beliefs/points of view/accomplishments between Booker T. Washington & W.E.B. DeBois?

 

   

End of Jim Crow Laws

 

Rosa Parks

The Civil Rights Act

 



Reconstruction

 

6 Which action is an example of judicial review?(Au11)

(1) Congress increased the number of justices on the Supreme Court.

(2) The Supreme Court declared part of the Judiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutional.

(3) The Supreme Court heard a case involving a United States ambassador.

(4) The Chief Justice presided over the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson.

 

13 What was a result of the disputed presidential election of 1876?(Au11)

(1) Reconstruction ended as federal troops were removed from the South.

(2) Slavery was reestablished in the South by state legislatures.

(3) New state laws were passed in the South to guarantee equal rights for African Americans.

(4) A constitutional amendment was adopted to correct problems with the electoral college system.

 

18 Poll taxes, literacy tests, and grandfather clauses were adopted in Southern States primarily to Aug. ’10

a. enforce the terms of the 15th amendment

b. keep African Americans from exercising their right to vote

c. stop criminals and immigrants from voting

d. eliminate bribery and corruption at polling places

 

14 Most Southern political leaders praised the Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857) because it June ’10

a. granted citizenship to all enslaved persons

b. upheld the principle of popular sovereignty

c. supported the right of a state to secede from the Union

d. protected the property rights of slave owners in the territories

 

15 Before the former Confederate states could be readmitted to the Union, the congressional plan for Reconstruction required them to June ’10

a. ratify the 14th amendment

b. imprison all former Confederate soldiers

c. provide 40 acres of land to all freedmen

d. help rebuild Northern industries

 

16 In the late 1800s, southern state governments used literacy tests, poll taxes, and grandfather clauses to June ’10

a. ensure that only educated individuals voted

b. require African Americans to attend school

c. prevent African Americans from voting

d. integrate public facilities

 

14 Following the Civil War, fewer immigrants settled in the South because (Ja10)

(1) most of the new arrivals chose to settle on the Great Plains

(2) freedmen had been given most of the available farmland in the South

(3) jobs were more plentiful for immigrants on the West Coast

(4) more factories that employed unskilled laborers were located in the North

 

14 Literacy tests and poll taxes were often used to(Ja10)

(1) enforce constitutional amendments added after the Civil War

(2) limit voter participation by African Americans

(3) promote equal educational opportunities for minority persons

(4) provide job training for freedmen

 

15 The most direct effect of poll taxes and literacy tests on African Americans was to Jan. ’10

a. prevent them from voting

b. limit their access to public facilities

c. block their educational opportunities

d. deny them economic advancements

 

14 Literacy tests and poll taxes were often used to Aug. ’09

a. enforce constitutional amendments added  after the Civil War

b. limit voter participation by African Americans

c. promote equal educational opportunities for minority persons

d. provide job training for freedmen

 

18 Many Southern States tried to limit the effects of Radical Reconstruction by June ’09

a. adopting federal laws mandating segregation

b. enacting Jim Crow laws

c. abolishing the Southern sharecropping system

d. securing passage of new amendments to the United States Constitution

 

15 Following Reconstruction, the passage of Jim Crow laws in the South limited the effectiveness of Jan. ’09

a. the 14th and 15th amendments

b. the Freedmen’s Bureau

c. Black Codes

d. tenant farming and sharecropping

 

13 Which Supreme Court decision created the need for a constitutional amendment that would grant citizenship to formerly enslaved persons?(Au08)

(1) Marbury v. Madison

(2) McCulloch v. Maryland

(3) Worcester v. Georgia

(4) Dred Scott v. Sanford

 

Base your answer to question 14 on the quotation below and on your knowledge of social studies.

. . . With malice toward none, with charity for all, with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are in, to bind up the nation’s wounds, to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan, to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves and with all nations. — Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural Address, March 4, 1865

 

14 This statement reveals President Lincoln’s support for Aug. ’08

a. a new peace treaty with Great Britain

b. universal male suffrage

c. a fair and generous peace

d. harsh punishment for Confederate leaders

 

15 The passage of Jim Crow laws in the South after Reconstruction was aided in part by Aug. ’08

a. a narrow interpretation of the 14th amendment by the United States Supreme Court

b. a change in the southern economy from agricultural to industrial

c. the growth of Republican-dominated governments in the South

d. the rise in European immigration to the South

  

19 In the late 1800s and early 1900s, many members of Congress supported legislation requiring literacy tests for immigrants in an attempt to Aug. ’08

a. stop illegal immigration from Latin America

b. provide highly skilled workers for industry

c. limit the power of urban political machines

d. restrict immigration from southern and eastern Europe

 

13 What was a common purpose of the three amendments added to the United States Constitution between 1865 and 1870? June ’08

a. extending suffrage to Southern women

b. reforming the sharecropping system

c. granting rights to African Americans

d. protecting rights of Southerners accused of treason

 

14 The Radical Republicans in Congress opposed President Abraham Lincoln’s plan for Reconstruction because Lincoln June ’08

a. called for the imprisonment of most Confederate leaders

b. rejected the idea of harsh punishments for the South

c. planned to keep Northern troops in the South after the war

d. demanded immediate civil and political rights for formerly enslaved persons

 

20 The Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) upheld a state law that had June ’08

a. banned the hiring of Chinese workers

b. established racial segregation practices

c. outlawed the use of prison inmate labor

d. forced Native American Indians to relocate to reservations

 

11 Extending the right to vote in national elections to formerly enslaved African Americans, women, and all citizens at least eighteen years old was accomplished through Jan. ’08

a. constitutional amendments

b. ongressional laws

c. presidential executive orders

d. Supreme Court decisions

14 The Reconstruction plans of President Abraham Lincoln and President Andrew Johnson included a provision for the Jan. ’08

a. resumption of full participation in Congress by Southern States

b. long-term military occupation of the Confederacy

c. payment of war reparations by Southern States

d. harsh punishment of former Confederate officials

 

18 What was the primary goal of President Abraham Lincoln’s post–Civil War policy? Aug. ’07

a. establishing military districts in the South

b. extending land ownership to African American men

c. restoring Southern representation in Congress

d. arresting military leaders of the Confederacy

 

19 During the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877), the 15th amendment was adopted to grant African Americans Aug. ’07

a. educational opportunities

b. economic equality

c. freedom of speech

d. voting rights

  

21 Which action marked the end of Reconstruction in the United States? June ’07

 (1) ratification of the 14th amendment

(2) withdrawal of federal troops from the South

(3) creation of the Freedmen’s Bureau

(4) impeachment of President Andrew Johnson

 

Base your answers to questions 12 and 13 on the cartoon below

 

12 What is the main idea of this cartoon from the Reconstruction Era? (Au06)

(1) Southern society was oppressed by Radical Republican policies.

(2) Military force was necessary to stop Southern secession.

(3) United States soldiers forced women in the South to work in factories.

(4) Sharecropping was an economic burden for women after the Civil War.

 

13 Which congressional action led to the Southern viewpoint expressed in this cartoon? (Au06)

(1) passage of the Homestead Act

(2) strengthening of the Fugitive Slave Laws

(3) military occupation of the former Confederate States

(4) ending the Freedmen’s Bureau

 

11 “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. . . .” — 15th Amendment, Section 1, United States Constitution, 1870

 

Which actions did Southern States take to keep African Americans from exercising the rights guaranteed in this amendment?

(1) suspending habeas corpus and denying women the right to vote

(2) collecting poll taxes and requiring literacy tests

(3) establishing religious and property-holding requirements for voting

(4) passing Black Codes and establishing segregated schools

 

12 The Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) had a major impact on the lives

of African Americans because it ruled that (Ja06)

(1) segregation was illegal in educational institutions

(2) voting was a right guaranteed by the Constitution

(3) separate but equal public facilities were legal

(4) military occupation of the South was unconstitutional

 

15 Constitutional amendments adopted during Reconstruction were intended to (Ju06)

(1) provide legal and political rights for African Americans

(2) end property and religious qualifications for voting

(3) correct problems with the electoral college system

(4) limit the number of terms of the president

 

11 “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United

States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude. . . .”

— 15th Amendment, Section 1, United StatesConstitution, 1870

Which actions did Southern States take to keep African Americans from exercising the rights

guaranteed in this amendment? (Ja06)

(1) suspending habeas corpus and denying women the right to vote

(2) collecting poll taxes and requiring literacy tests

(3) establishing religious and property-holding requirements for voting

(4) passing Black Codes and establishing segregated schools

15 In Plessy v. Ferguson (1896), the Supreme Court ruled that (Ja 04)

(1) states may not secede from the Union

(2) racial segregation was constitutional

(3) slaves are property and may not be taken from their owners

(4) all western territories should be open to slavery

15 Following the Civil War, many Southern states enacted Black Codes to(Ju 03)

(1) provide free farmland for African Americans

(2) guarantee equal civil rights for African Americans

(3) restrict the rights of formerly enslaved persons

(4) support the creation of the Freedmen’s Bureau