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Domestic Policy 40's 50's 60's

 

 1. The major reason the United States became involved in the Korean War was the                       ( Jan 11’)

(1) Threat of communism spreading throughout Asia

(2) Need to prevent war between China and the Soviet Union

(3) Demand by the United States for Korean natural resources

(4) Desire to limit Japanese expansion

 

2. During the 1950s, the main goal of the civil rights movement was to

(1) Create separate African American economic and social institutions

(2) Eliminate legal segregation from American life

(3) Establish affirmative action programs to compensate for past wrongs

(4) Form a new nation for African Americans

 

3. Which event was a result of the other three?

(1) Sit-ins at whites-only lunch counters in  Greensboro, North Carolina (Jan 11’)

(2) Martin Luther King Jr.’s March on Washington, D. C.

(3) Signing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

(4) Bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama

 

… For the war against poverty will not be won here in Washington. It must be won in the field, in every private home, in every public office, from the courthouse to the White House.… — President Lyndon B. Johnson, State of the Union Address, January 8, 1964

4. This statement expresses President Lyndon B. Johnson’s view that the (Jan 11’)

(1) Federal government is solely responsible for the war on poverty

(2) court system must be held accountable for poverty

(3) problem of poverty is easily solved

(4) entire country must help fight poverty

  

5. One way in which the Supreme Court decisions in Mapp v. Ohio (1961), Gideon v. Wainwright (1963), and Miranda v. Arizona (1966) are similar is that each decision

(1) Defined the rights of students in public schools

(2) Strengthened the role of the police in the arrest process

(3) Demonstrated the Court’s disapproval of increasing crime rates

(4) Expanded the constitutional rights of persons accused of crimes

 

6. Since 1970, what has been a significant economic trend in the United States?

(1) Decline in the number of working mothers in the labor force

(2) Shift in jobs from manufacturing to service industries

(3) Decrease in dependency on foreign oil

(4) Increase in federal budget surpluses

 

 

7.  The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the European Union (EU) both

seek to expand trade within their organizations by

(1) Prohibiting imports from nonmember nations

(2) Creating a common currency and parliament

(3) Lowering tariffs and eliminating import quotas between member nations

(4) Forming military alliances

 

 “Congress Passes Alien and Sedition Acts’’

“Lincoln Suspends Habeas Corpus’’

“Wilson Signs 1918 Sedition Act”

 

8. These headlines show that the federal government can

(1) Restrict citizens’ rights in times of crisis

(2) Raise armies without informing the public

(3) Station troops in a person’s home at any time

(4) Require citizens to be witnesses against themselves

 

9. The Interstate Commerce Act (1887), the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890), and the Clayton

Antitrust Act (1914) are similar in that they were intended to

(1) Reaffirm the federal government’s laissez-faire attitude toward big business

(2) Increase the federal government’s power to regulate business practices

(3) Authorize the breakup of labor unions

(4) Reject the use of trust-busting

 

 “Grant Administration Caught Up in Credit Mobilier Controversy”

“Harding’s Secretary of the Interior Indicted in Teapot Dome Investigation”

“Iran-Contra Scandal Leads to Resignation of Reagan Advisor”

10. Which conclusion can be drawn from these headlines?

(1) American presidents are not subject to the nation’s laws.

(2) Senate trials have been used to remove corrupt presidents.

(3) Only Democratic presidents have been investigated for misdeeds.

(4) Some presidents have been damaged by the actions of their aides.

 

11. Which development resulted from the construction of the interstate highway system?

(1) increased suburbanization

(2) reduced air pollution

(3) decreased fuel consumption

(4) growth of long-distance passenger train service

 

12. The Supreme Court decisions in Mapp v. Ohio (1961) and Miranda v. Arizona (1966) directly expanded the rights of which group?

(1) students with disabilities

(2) women in the military

(3) homeless Americans

(4) persons accused of crimes

 

13. Which development led to the other three?

(1) growth of new home construction

(2) increase in school populations

(3) start of the baby boom

(4) pressure on the Social Security system

 

Base your answer to question 40 on the excerpt below and on your knowledge of social studies.

“. . . With America’s sons in the fields far away, with America’s future under challenge right here

at home, with our hopes and the world’s hopes for peace in the balance every day, I do not believe that I should devote an hour or a day of my time to any personal partisan causes or to any duties other than the awesome duties of this office—the Presidency of your country. Accordingly, I shall not seek, and I will not accept, the nomination of my party for another term as your President. . . .” — President Lyndon B. Johnson, March 31, 1968

 

14. The decision announced in this speech was based primarily on the

(1) assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.

(2) growing violence in urban America

(3) outbreak of terrorist attacks around the world

(4) involvement of the United States in the Vietnam war

 

15. What was the primary reason Richard Nixon resigned his presidency?

(1) He was convicted of several serious crimes.

(2) He was facing impeachment by the House of Representatives.

(3) His reelection was declared invalid by the Supreme Court.

(4) His actions in Cambodia and Laos were exposed in the Pentagon Papers.

 

16. When President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent troops into Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957, he was fulfilling his presidential role as

(1) chief executive

(2) chief diplomat

(3) head of state

(4) head of his political party

 

17. What was a reason President Lyndon Johnson decided not to run for reelection in 1968?

(1) He was ineligible to hold a third term as president.

(2) He was threatened with impeachment for government scandals.

(3) His Vietnam War policies had reduced his popularity with voters.

(4) Most Americans were unhappy with his failure to establish social reforms.

 

18. As a result of the Interstate Highway Act of 1956, the United States experienced

(1) increased suburban growth

(2) the elimination of urban renewal programs

(3) less air pollution from motor vehicles

(4) a reduction in United States dependence on foreign oil

 

19. The Supreme Court decisions in Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) and Miranda v. Arizona

(1966) resulted in

(1) an increase in the power of the police to obtain evidence

(2) a clarification of rules pertaining to cruel and unusual punishment

(3) a limitation of a citizen’s right to an attorney

(4) an expansion of rights for persons accused of crimes

 

20. A major effect of the Watergate scandal of the 1970s was that it

(1) led to the Arab oil embargo

(2) reduced people’s trust in government

(3) resulted in term limits for elected officials

(4) increased presidential power

 

21.One goal of President Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society was to

(1) improve the quality of life for the poor

(2) privatize many government programs

(3) send additional troops to Vietnam

(4) reduce the number of nuclear weapons

 

22. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was intended to end

(1) loyalty oaths for federal employees

(2) affirmative action programs in education

(3) unfair treatment of the elderly

(4) discrimination based on race or sex

 

23. In 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to

(1) protect civil rights marchers

(2) help African Americans register to vote

(3) enforce a Supreme Court decision to desegregate public schools

(4) end race riots resulting from a bus boycott

 

24. Which strategy did African-American students use when they refused to leave a “whites only” lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1960?

(1) economic boycott

(2) hunger strike

(3) petition drive

(4) civil disobedience

 

25 Which statement best describes an impact of the Watergate scandal on American society?

(1) The modern environmental movement began.

(2) Public trust in government declined.

(3) Voter turnout in elections increased.

(4) An economic recession ended.

 

 

 

26. The Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade (1973) was based on the constitutional principle of

(1) protection of property rights

(2) freedom of speech

(3) right to privacy

(4) freedom of religion

 

27. Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Lyndon B. Johnson supported domestic policies that

(1) favored only one region of the nation

(2) attempted to increase the wealth of the rich

(3) led to tax cuts for all Americans

(4) provided direct help to those in need

 

28. The federal government responded to the 2001 attacks on the WorldTradeCenter and the

Pentagon by

(1) creating a cabinet-level agency for homeland security

(2) deporting most illegal aliens

(3) decreasing defense spending

(4) expanding the civil liberties of American citizens

 

29.  Many farmers failed to share in the general prosperity of the 1920s mainly because they

(1) lacked new farm machinery to increase production

(2) did not have sufficient numbers of farm laborers

(3) had to pay high wages to their workers

(4) received low prices for crops due to overproduction

 

30. Congress opposed President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s plan to increase the number of

justices on the Supreme Court because the plan would have

(1) threatened the principle of checks and balances

(2) abolished judicial review

(3) violated the elastic clause of the Constitution

(4) given the federal government too much power over the states

  

31. A similarity between the Bank of the United States, created in 1791, and the present-day

Federal Reserve System is that both were established to

(1) set tariff rates

(2) regulate the money supply

(3) achieve balanced budgets

(4) restrict the gold supply

 

32. What was a direct result of the census of 2000?

(1) Personal income tax rates were changed.

(2) New United States District Courts were created.

(3) Seats in the House of Representatives were reapportioned.

(4) The number of United States Senators was

 

33 During the next 30 years, what will be the most likely impact of the baby boom that followed

World War II?

(1) More money will be spent on national defense.

(2) The cost of health care will decrease.

(3) Social Security will have to provide for increasing numbers of retired people.

(4) The elderly will be the smallest segment of

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Cold war Domestic

 

37 The major reason the United States became involved in the Korean War was the                       ( Jan 11’)

(1) Threat of communism spreading throughout Asia

(2) Need to prevent war between China and the Soviet Union

(3) Demand by the United States for Korean natural resources

(4) Desire to limit Japanese expansion

 

38 During the 1950s, the main goal of the civil rights movement was to

(1) Create separate African American economic and social institutions

(2) Eliminate legal segregation from American life

(3) Establish affirmative action programs to compensate for past wrongs

(4) Form a new nation for African Americans

 

39 Which event was a result of the other three?

(1) Sit-ins at whites-only lunch counters in  Greensboro, North Carolina (Jan 11’)

(2) Martin Luther King Jr.’s March on Washington, D. C.

(3) Signing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

(4) Bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama

 

40 … For the war against poverty will not be won here in Washington. It must be won in the field, in every private home, in every public office, from the courthouse to the White House.… — President Lyndon B. Johnson, State of the Union Address, January 8, 1964

This statement expresses President Lyndon B. Johnson’s view that the (Jan 11’)

(1) Federal government is solely responsible for the war on poverty

(2) court system must be held accountable for poverty

(3) problem of poverty is easily solved

(4) entire country must help fight poverty

 

Base your answer to question 41 on the excerpt below and on your knowledge of social studies.

 

Dear Mr. Barr,

… This letter does not express all that is in my heart, Mr. Barr. But if it says nothing else it says that we do not hate you or rejoice to see your industry destroyed; we hate the agribusiness system [agricultural corporations] that seeks to keep us enslaved and we shall overcome and change it not by retaliation or bloodshed but by a determined nonviolent struggle carried on by those masses of farm workers who intend to be free and human.

Sincerely yours, Cesar E. Chavez — Cesar Chavez, letter to E.L. Barr Jr., Good Friday, 1969, in Andrew Carroll, ed., Letters of a Nation, Broadway Books

 

41 Which action did Cesar Chavez take that is most consistent with the theme of this excerpt?                         (Jan 11’)

(1) Organizing a farm workers union

(2) Calling for stricter enforcement of immigration laws

(3) Asking Congress to pass legislation for low income housing

(4) Promoting the takeover of large corporations by farm workers

 

42 One way in which the Supreme Court decisions in Mapp v. Ohio (1961), Gideon v. Wainwright (1963), and Miranda v. Arizona (1966) are similar is that each decision

(1) Defined the rights of students in public schools

(2) Strengthened the role of the police in the arrest process

(3) Demonstrated the Court’s disapproval of increasing crime rates

(4) Expanded the constitutional rights of persons accused of crimes

 

Base your answer to question 43 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.

 

43 Which statement most accurately expresses the main idea of this cartoon?

(1) Rising farm costs are reducing profits.

(2) Foreign competition has driven up farm costs.

(3) Farm production is failing to keep pace with demand.

(4) Farmers are losing profits due to drought.

 

Base your answer to question 44 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.

 

44 Which statement best describes the main idea Of the cartoon?

(1) Iraq is using terrorism to end American military occupation.

(2) Iraq is rejecting help from the United States against terrorists.

(3) The United States and terrorists are competing to influence Iraq.

(4) Iraq is catching up to the United States in the war on terror.

 

45 Since 1970, what has been a significant economic trend in the United States?

(1) Decline in the number of working mothers in the labor force

(2) Shift in jobs from manufacturing to service industries

(3) Decrease in dependency on foreign oil

(4) Increase in federal budget surpluses

 

46 The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the European Union (EU) both

seek to expand trade within their organizations by

(1) Prohibiting imports from nonmember nations

(2) Creating a common currency and parliament

(3) Lowering tariffs and eliminating import quotas between member nations

(4) Forming military alliances

 

47 “Congress Passes Alien and Sedition Acts’’

“Lincoln Suspends Habeas Corpus’’

“Wilson Signs 1918 Sedition Act”

 

These headlines show that the federal government can

(1) Restrict citizens’ rights in times of crisis

(2) Raise armies without informing the public

(3) Station troops in a person’s home at any time

(4) Require citizens to be witnesses against themselves

 

 

48 The Interstate Commerce Act (1887), the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890), and the Clayton

Antitrust Act (1914) are similar in that they were intended to

(1) Reaffirm the federal government’s laissez-faire attitude toward big business

(2) Increase the federal government’s power to regulate business practices

(3) Authorize the breakup of labor unions

(4) Reject the use of trust-busting

 

49 “Grant Administration Caught Up in Credit Mobilier Controversy”

“Harding’s Secretary of the Interior Indicted in Teapot Dome Investigation”

“Iran-Contra Scandal Leads to Resignation of Reagan Advisor”

Which conclusion can be drawn from these headlines?

(1) American presidents are not subject to the nation’s laws.

(2) Senate trials have been used to remove corrupt presidents.

(3) Only Democratic presidents have been investigated for misdeeds.

(4) Some presidents have been damaged by the actions of their aides.

 

Base your answer to question 50 on the Constitutional

 

50 This amendment to the Constitution made it possible for

(1) Voters to elect Franklin D. Roosevelt to a fourth term as president in 1944

(2) Gerald Ford to become president when Richard Nixon left office in 1974

(3) The House of Representatives to impeach President Bill Clinton in 1998

(4) The Supreme Court to rule on the counting of votes in Florida in the presidential election of 2000

 

35 Which development resulted from the construction of the interstate highway system?

(1) increased suburbanization

(2) reduced air pollution

(3) decreased fuel consumption

(4) growth of long-distance passenger train service

 

Base your answers to questions 36 and 37 on the photograph below and on your knowledge of social studies.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

36 What is a valid generalization that can be drawn from this photograph?

(1) Activists often advocate taking over the government.

(2) Demonstrators use nonviolent means to demand equal rights.

(3) Civil rights leaders supported “separate but equal” education.

(4) Protesters encouraged a nationwide strike by teachers.

 

37 The delay in implementing which Supreme Court decision helped lead to the protest

shown in this photograph?

(1) Plessy v. Ferguson

(2) Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka

(3) Tinker v. Des Moines

(4) New Jersey v. T. L. O.

 

38 The Supreme Court decisions in Mapp v. Ohio (1961) and Miranda v. Arizona (1966) directly

expanded the rights of which group?

(1) students with disabilities

(2) women in the military

(3) homeless Americans

(4) persons accused of crimes

 

39 Which development led to the other three?

(1) growth of new home construction

(2) increase in school populations

(3) start of the baby boom

(4) pressure on the Social Security system

 

Base your answer to question 40 on the excerpt below and on your knowledge of social studies.

“. . . With America’s sons in the fields far away, with America’s future under challenge right here

at home, with our hopes and the world’s hopes for peace in the balance every day, I do not believe that I should devote an hour or a day of my time to any personal partisan causes or to any duties other than the awesome duties of this office—the Presidency of your country. Accordingly, I shall not seek, and I will not accept, the nomination of my party for another term as your President. . . .” — President Lyndon B. Johnson, March 31, 1968

 

40 The decision announced in this speech was based primarily on the

(1) assassination of Martin Luther King Jr.

(2) growing violence in urban America

(3) outbreak of terrorist attacks around the world

(4) involvement of the United States in the Vietnam war

 

44 A belief in Manifest Destiny is most closely associated with the decision to

(1) create the Bank of the United States

(2) suppress the Whiskey Rebellion

(3) declare war on Mexico

(4) build the Panama Canal

 

39 What was the primary reason Richard Nixon resigned his presidency?

(1) He was convicted of several serious crimes.

(2) He was facing impeachment by the House of Representatives.

(3) His reelection was declared invalid by the Supreme Court.

(4) His actions in Cambodia and Laos were exposed in the Pentagon Papers.

 

40 When President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent troops into Little Rock, Arkansas, in 1957, he was

fulfilling his presidential role as

(1) chief executive

(2) chief diplomat

(3) head of state

(4) head of his political party

 

41 What was a major reason President Lyndon B. Johnson decided not to run for reelection in

1968?

(1) He was ineligible to hold a third term as president.

(2) He was threatened with impeachment for government scandals.

(3) His Vietnam War policies had reduced his popularity with voters.

(4) Most Americans were unhappy with his failure to establish social reforms.

 

39 As a result of the Interstate Highway Act of 1956, the United States experienced

(1) increased suburban growth

(2) the elimination of urban renewal programs

(3) less air pollution from motor vehicles

(4) a reduction in United States dependence on foreign oil

 

40 The Supreme Court decisions in Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) and Miranda v. Arizona

(1966) resulted in

(1) an increase in the power of the police to obtain evidence

(2) a clarification of rules pertaining to cruel and unusual punishment

(3) a limitation of a citizen’s right to an attorney

(4) an expansion of rights for persons accused of crimes

 

41 A major effect of the Watergate scandal of the 1970s was that it

(1) led to the Arab oil embargo

(2) reduced people’s trust in government

(3) resulted in term limits for elected officials

(4) increased presidential power

 

40 One goal of President Lyndon Johnson’s Great Society was to

(1) improve the quality of life for the poor

(2) privatize many government programs

(3) send additional troops to Vietnam

(4) reduce the number of nuclear weapons

 

41 The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was intended to end

(1) loyalty oaths for federal employees

(2) affirmative action programs in education

(3) unfair treatment of the elderly

(4) discrimination based on race or sex

 

31 In 1957, President Dwight D. Eisenhower sent federal troops to Little Rock, Arkansas, to

(1) protect civil rights marchers

(2) help African Americans register to vote

(3) enforce a Supreme Court decision to desegregate public schools

(4) end race riots resulting from a bus boycott

 

36 Which strategy did African-American students use when they refused to leave a “whites only”

lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1960?

(1) economic boycott

(2) hunger strike

(3) petition drive

(4) civil disobedience

 

39 Which statement best describes an impact of the Watergate scandal on American society?

(1) The modern environmental movement began.

(2) Public trust in government declined.

(3) Voter turnout in elections increased.

(4) An economic recession ended.

 

39 The Supreme Court decision in Roe v. Wade (1973) was based on the constitutional principle of

(1) protection of property rights

(2) freedom of speech

(3) right to privacy

(4) freedom of religion

 

48 Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Lyndon B. Johnson supported domestic policies that

(1) favored only one region of the nation

(2) attempted to increase the wealth of the rich

(3) led to tax cuts for all Americans

(4) provided direct help to those in need