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Gentleman's Agreement




Pearson's text summary


Flashcards from the Pearson text, scroll down to chapter 19



17 Which statement best expresses the melting pot theory as it relates to American society? June ’10

a. Only European immigrants will be allowed into the United States.

b. All immigrant groups will maintain their separate cultures.

c. Different cultures will blend to form a uniquely American culture.

d. Immigrant ghettos will develop in urban areas.


Base your answers to questions 13 and 14 on the speakers’ statements below and on your knowledge of

social studies.

Speaker A: “When demand ran high, and markets were scarce, he showed little mercy,

broke his contracts for delivery and raised prices.”

Speaker B: “The man of wealth must hold his fortune ‘in trust’ for the community and

use it for philanthropic and charitable purposes.”

Speaker C: “It is cruel to slander the rich because they have been successful. They have

gone into great enterprises that have enriched the nation and the nation has

enriched them.”

Speaker D: “The fruits of the toil of millions are boldly stolen to build up colossal

fortunes for the few, unprecedented in the history of mankind.”


13 Which two speakers would most likely label late 19th-century industrialists as robber barons? (Ja 04)


(1) A and B

(2) A and D

(3) B and C

(4) C and D


14 The most valid conclusion that can be drawn from the different viewpoints of these speakers is (Ja 04)

that industrialists of the late 19th century

(1) benefited and harmed society

 (2) treated their workers fairly

(3) used illegal means to gain wealth

(4) generally opposed the free-enterprise economic system



15 Why did the United States follow a policy of open immigration during much of the 1800s? (Ju04)

(1) Many United States citizens wanted to live abroad.

(2) The United States had a shortage of labor.

(3) Prosperous conditions in Europe resulted in fewer immigrants coming to the United States.

(4) Immigrants provided United States industry with investment capital.




14 In the late 1800s, supporters of laissez-faire capitalism claimed that government regulation of

business would be (Ju04)

(1) essential to protect the rights of consumers

(2) necessary to provide jobs for the unemployed

(3) useful in competing with foreign nations

(4) harmful to economic growth



14 The Gentlemen’s Agreement, literacy tests, and the quota system were all attempts by Congress

to restrict(Au04)

(1) immigration

(2) property ownership

(3) voting rights

(4) access to public education





14 Following the Civil War, fewer immigrants settled in the South because Jan. ’10

a. most of the new arrivals chose to settle on the Great Plains

b. freedmen had been given most of the available farmland in the South

c. jobs were more plentiful for immigrants on the West Coast

d. more factories that employed unskilled laborers were located in the North


20 Between 1880 and 1920, the majority of the “new” immigrants to the United States came

From  Jan. ’10

a. northern and western Europe

b. southern and eastern Europe

c. Canada and Latin America

d. China and Southeast Asia


Until the early 20th century, few restrictions on immigration to the United States existed primarily because June ’08

a. industry needed an increasing supply of labor

b. immigration totals had always been relatively low

c. labor unions had always favored unrestricted immigration

d. the Supreme Court had ruled that Congress could not restrict immigration


22 During the last quarter of the 19th century, large numbers of immigrants were admitted to the United States primarily because of the economy’s need for more Aug. ’07

a. skilled craftsmen

b. educated professionals

c. unskilled factory workers

d. scientists and technicians


23 A major purpose of both the Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) and the Gentlemen’s Agreement with Japan (1907) was to Aug. ’07

a. limit immigration of certain ethnic groups

b. enrich America’s cultural diversity

c. treat all Asian and European immigrants equally

d. relocate Asians displaced by war


22 During the late 1800s, which group strongly

supported an open immigration policy? June ’07

(1) conservationists (3) factory owners

(2) nativists (4) southern farmers



Base your answers to questions 25 and 26 on the

statements below that discuss immigration laws in

the early 20th century, and on your knowledge of

social studies.

Speaker A: A literacy test as a requirement for

immigration to the United States is

reasonable. Great numbers of uneducated

workers take jobs and good wages from our


Speaker B: Requiring literacy of immigrants is

unfair. It will keep people out because

they lacked the opportunity to gain an


Speaker C: A literacy test will allow more people

from northern and western Europe to

enter. They are similar to the majority of

the United States population.

Speaker D: Literacy is not an issue. The real

purpose of this law is to discriminate

against immigrants from certain parts of

the world.

25 Supporters of literacy tests to restrict immigration

would most likely favor the views of Jan. ’07


(1) A and C (3) B and D

(2) B and C (4) A and B


26 The immigrants referred to by Speaker D were

mainly from Jan. ’07

(1) Canada and Mexico

(2) South America

(3) western Europe

(4) southern and eastern Europe