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Imperialism - When on country takes over another country
     or region.  Superior military technology and capabilities are necessary for this to happen.
 
 
 
  
Motives for Imperialism
  • Raw Materials - The more industry expanded, the more raw

                   materials were needed.  This picture is a rubber tree.  What

                   industry created the demand for more rubber?           

  • New Markets -America began to look outward as the American

                   frontier was closed. It continued to produce more and more

                   goods and needed more markets in which to sell all of the

                   products being produced in the new factories.

  • Nationalism - Americans wanted to show the rest of the world

                   that we are now a country to compete with.  We had sent the

                   "Great White Fleet" on a world tour to show our new military

                   capabilities.

    Ford Dealer Harbin, China Circa 1920  If you look closly on the left you can see an American Flag atop a building with the word Ford in the cyrillic alphabet. The Model t in the forground is a bus and the advertisements on top the buildings are for cigarettes.     http://www.mtfca.com/discus/messages/6/1139.html?1040164263

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Seward's Folly- In 1867, Secretary of State William Seward encouraged the U.S. government to purchase  Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million.
 
 
 

 
Spanish American War & Latin America
One of the major reasons for the U.S involvement in the Spanish American war was yellow journalism.

News organizations were engaging in yellow journalism before the Spanish-American War by exaggerating events happening around Cuba to build support for the war.

 

Yellow journalism - William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer and the Spanish-American War

The Spanish-American War

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IU5l4yQCpMM&feature=related

 

 

REMEMBER THE MAINE--http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NOekkItCQxE&feature=related

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

History of Buffalo Soldiers

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WbcxZM32ZrQ&feature=related

 

 

The Spanish American War - Buffalo Soldiers

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3K45ECwWVl8

 

Bob Marley- Buffalo Soldier

 

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=INnFWiYC9gI

 

Taking the Heights at San Juan Hill, 1898 (Pt 1)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Qr6LWebk40&feature=related

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rough Riders Camp in Montauk with Visitors

"Sunday visitors having an Army meal with some of Roosevelt's Rough Riders in Montauk in 1898." 

 

 

TR in Montauk 1898

TR in Montauk 1898

http://www.montauklife.com/history/teddy98.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

Results of the Spanish American War:

The United States was recognized as a world power.

 

Territorial gains:

Puerto Rico
U.S. Gains Control of Wake Island and Guam”
 
Voting & U.S. territories
The people of Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands and Guam are not allowed to choose electors in U.S. presidential elections or elect voting members of the U.S. Congress.  Additionally, they generally do not pay federal income tax.
 
 
Panama Canal
 
 
There was increased interest in building a canal across Central America in the late 1800s partly because the United States had acquired colonies in the Pacific region.
 
 

US Interventions in Latin America 
 
 
 
 

China - Open Door Policy
 
  • As world powers (Britain, France, Russian, Japan, & Germany) competed for new colonies and new markets, China was carved up into exclusive trading zones called "sphers of influence."
  • The United States did not want to be limited in its ability to trade anywhere in China.  It held instead that it wanted to be free to trade hence the term "Open Door Policy."
 
The United States issued the Open Door policy (1899–1900) primarily to secure equal trade opportunities in China.
 
 
 

Hawaii & South Pacific
Hawaii as a refueling station
 
Headlines during American Imperialism in the pacific
 

U.S. and Germany Negotiate for Control of the Samoan Islands”

U.S. Gains Control of Wake Island and Guam”

 

 
“Hawaiian Planters Urge American Annexation”
 To annex is to join a new territory to an existing country

 

A goal of President Theodore Roosevelt’s Big Stick policy 

 

  The Roosevelt Correlary

 

 

President William Howard Taft’s Dollar Diplomacy policy toward Latin America was to protect American economic and political interests

 
 
 

 

Ethnocentrism—When one culture views their culture as superior to other cultures or regions. 

 

"Take up the White Man's burden—
Send forth the best ye breed—
Go bind your sons to exile
To serve your captives' need;
To wait in heavy harness,
On fluttered folk and wild—
Your new-caught, sullen peoples,
Half devil and half child." 
—from "The White Man's Burden" by Rudyard Kipling

 

 

 

 

Justification for American Imperialism:

A. Sea power is the key to national greatness.

B. United States missionaries spread Christian principles.

C. The Anglo-Saxon civilization is the best in the world.

D. Sugar plantations in Hawaii were developed by Americans.

 


Imperialism Regents Questions

 

1.  The Open Door policy of 1899 was originally adopted so that the United States could

  1. restrict Chinese immigration

  2. stop Japan from colonizing China

  3. gain equal trading rights in China

  4. encourage the development of democracy in China

Base your answers to questions 2 & 3on the quotation below

 

“. . . Whether they will or no, Americans must now begin to look outward. The growing

production of the country demands it. An increasing volume of public sentiment demands

it. . . .”   Alfred T. Mahan, The Atlantic Monthly, December 1890

 

  •  

    2. This statement encouraged popular support among Americans for (#25-Aug. ’03)

    1. isolationism    2. neutrality     3. protectionism      4. imperialism

     

    3. Supporters of Mahan’s ideas most likely favored a foreign policy that would

         (#26-Aug. ’03)

    1. limit the military arms race             3. acquire foreign markets

    2. abandon the Monroe Doctrine     4. establish an international peace organization

     

    4. Between the 1890s and the start of World War I, the United States expanded its access

         to overseas  markets and raw materials through the policy of (# 19 -Jan. ’04)

    1. containment      2. imperialism       3.  isolationism      4. neutrality

     

    5. An important result of the Spanish-American War of 1898 was that the United States

        (#16-June ’04)

    1. acquired territories in Africa

    2. became a world power with an overseas empire

    3. improved its relations with Germany

    4. lost interest in Latin American affairs

     

    6.      One result of the Spanish-American War of 1898 was that the United States was (#15- Aug. ’04)

    1. recognized as a world power               3. committed to isolationism

    2. drawn into World War II                      4. forced into an economic depression

     

    7.      Why was there increased interest in building a canal across Central America in the late

    1800s? (#22-  Jan. ’05)

    1. The United States had acquired colonies in the Pacific region.

    2. Tariffs on Chinese and Japanese products had ended.

    3. The main source of immigration had shifted from northern Europe to southern Europe.

    4. Transcontinental railroads had not yet been completed

     

    8.        A goal of President Theodore Roosevelt’s Big Stick policy and President William Howard Taft’s Dollar

          Diplomacy policy toward Latin America was to (# 23-June 05)

    1. join Western Hemisphere nations in a military alliance

    2. protect American economic and political interests

    3. encourage foreign nations to establish colonies

    4. raise Latin America’s standard of living

     

    9.  Which heading best completes the partial outline below?(#24 - Aug. ’05)

    I.____________________________________

    A. Sea power is the key to national greatness.

    B. United States missionaries spread Christian principles.

    C. The Anglo-Saxon civilization is the best in the world.

    D. Sugar plantations in Hawaii were developed by Americans.

    1. Reasons to Declare War on Spain

    2. Justification for American Imperialism

    3. Theodore Roosevelt’s Political Platform

    4. Yellow Journalism in Newspapers

     

    10.   The main reason the United States implemented the Open Door policy in China was to

    (#20 - June ’06)

    1. promote immigration                                     3. expand democratic reforms

    2. encourage religious freedom                     4. guarantee access to markets

     

    11.   Which United States policy is most closely associated with the annexation of Hawaii and the  

    Philippines? (#21-June ’06)

    1. neutrality            2. isolationism        3. imperialism               4. international cooperation

     

    12. By proclaiming the Open Door policy in 1899, the United States was attempting to (#22-August ’06)

    1. keep Japan from attacking and colonizing China

    2. increase trade between Russia and the United States

    3. ensure equal trading opportunities in China

    4. prevent European countries from colonizing the Western Hemisphere

     

    13.   The Spanish-American War (1898) marked a turning point in United States foreign policy because the United States (#21-Jan. ’07)

    1. developed a plan for peaceful coexistence

    2. emerged as a major world power

    3. pledged neutrality in future European conflicts

    4. refused to become a colonial power

     

    14.  The headlines in this newspaper are an example of (Jan 08)

    (1) yellow journalism                                     (3) muckraking literature

    (2) investigative reporting                             (4) government censorship

     

    15.  Publication of this and similar news stories encouraged Congress to (Jan 08)

    (1) declare war on Spain                               (3) pass antiterrorist legislation

    (2) improve naval safety                               (4) conduct a criminal investigation

     

     

    Base your answers to questions 16 and 17 on the map below

     

    16.  Which title would be the most accurate for this map? (#15-June ’08)

    1. Ending Colonization in Latin America

    2. Promoting Trade with Latin America

    3. Humanitarian Aid in the Western Hemisphere

    4. United States Intervention in the Caribbean Area

     

    17.  The United States government justified most of the actions shown on the map by

           citing the (#16-June ’08)

    1. terms of the Roosevelt corollary to the Monroe Doctrine

    2. threats from Germany after World War I

    3. desire to stop illegal immigration from Latin America

    4. need to protect Latin America from the threat of communism

     

    18. The United States promoted its economic interest in China by (#21-June ’08)

    1. intervening in the Sino-Japanese War

    2. passing the Chinese Exclusion Act

    3. encouraging the Boxer Rebellion

    4. adopting the Open Door policy

     

     “Hawaiian Planters Urge American Annexation”

    “U.S. and Germany Negotiate for Control of the Samoan Islands”

    “U.S. Gains Control of Wake Island and Guam”

    19. Which conclusion can best be drawn from these headlines? (#20 - Aug. ’08)

    1. The Anti-Imperialist League strongly influenced Congress.

    2. Respect for native cultures motivated United States foreign policy.

    3. United States territorial expansion increased in the Pacific Ocean.

    4. Construction of a railroad to Alaska was a major policy goal.

     

    20. News organizations were engaging in yellow journalism before the Spanish-American War when

         (#20 - June ’09)

    1. publishers tried to prevent the war

    2. articles about Cuba were fair and balanced

    3. editors exaggerated events to build support for war

    4. writers ignored the situation in Cuba

     

    21 The United States issued the Open Door policy (1899–1900) primarily to (#21-June ’09)

    1. bring democratic government to the Chinese people

    2. secure equal trade opportunities in China

    3. force China to change its immigration policies

    4. use China as a stepping stone to trade with Japan

     

    22.  Which factor is most closely associated with the decision of the United States to declare war on

           Spain in 1898? (#21- Jan. ’10)

    1. isolationist policy                                              3. labor union pressure

    2. yellow journalism                                            4. unrestricted submarine warfare