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 Supreme Court Cases

 

 

 


 

Transportation

  • One economic change resulting from the transportation revolution before the Civil War was that the Northeast became better connected to the western section of the country.

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    • An immediate effect of the completion of the Erie Canal in 1825 was that farmers could more easily ship grain to

                     eastern markets.

    •  During the first half of the 19th century, the construction of canals and roads lowered the cost of shipping goods

                   from the Midwest to the Atlantic coast and  led to the expansion of trade between Midwestern farmers and

                   eastern merchants

     

    Along the Erie Canal, Buffalo, N.Y.

     

     The Mississippi River system was an important economic resource during the first half of the  1800s because it was used to transport farm goods to market

     

     

  • As a result of the completion of the Erie Canal in 1825 United States commerce grew because western farmers gained better access to East Coast markets.

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    Monroe Doctrine

     

     

     

     

    • The main purpose of the Monroe Doctrine (1823) was to  limit European influence in (Western Hemisphere, especially Latin America

     

    • The foreign policies of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and James Monroe were similar in that they each attempted to avoid involvement in European affairs

     

    • The Monroe Doctrine (1823) established the United States foreign policy that opposed the creation of new colonies in Latin America


     Manifest Destiny   (7-2 Manifest Destiny, 7-3 - Texas Independence)

    • The principal goal of the supporters of Manifest Destiny in the 1840s was to expand United States territory to the Pacific Ocean

     

    • In the 1840s, the term Manifest Destiny was used by many Americans to justify 

    westward expansion into lands claimed by other nations (ex. acquiring territory from Mexico in 1848)

     

     

     

     

     

     


    The Election of 1824

    • What is wrong with this picture?

     

     

     

     

     

     

     


    President Andrew Jackson

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

     

    •  Worcester v. Georgia (1832)-  Supreme Court decision  associated with the "Trail of Tears" 
    • President Jackson refused to follow the Supreme Court ruling protecting the rights of the Indians.
      • As a result of President Andrew Jackson’s policies, Native American Indians were forcibly removed to

                              areas west of the Mississippi River

  • http://www.shmoop.com/jackson-era/quotes.html

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    • During the 1830s, the development of a national two-party political system was mainly the result of debates over the National Bank and tariffs

     

     

    File:1832bank1.jpg

     

     

     

    • President Andrew Jackson claimed that use of the spoils system increased democracy in the federal

                  government because it allowed larger numbers of citizens to hold office

     

    • During the presidency of Andrew Jackson, the spoils system resulted in elected officials rewarding their

                  supporters  with government jobs

     

    • Starting with the election of President Andrew Jackson (1828), voter participation increased due to the end of property requirements for voting by many states

      Look at the increase in the number of popular votes from 1824 - 1832

    http://www.100bestwebsites.org/alt/evmaps/electoral-maps.htm

     

    • President Andrew Jackson used the spoils system to  provide jobs to political party supporters

      http://www.slideshare.net/guest6b0c34/changes-during-andrew-jacksons-presidency

     

     

     

     


    Transportation

     

    1.  What economic change resulted from the transportation revolution before the Civil War? (#4-Au04)

    (1) The Northeast became better connected to the western section of the country.

    (2) Trade between the United States and Europe was sharply reduced.

    (3) The system of slavery on southern plantations began to disappear.

    (4) The federal government began to regulate new businesses.

     

    2. What was an immediate effect of the completion of the Erie Canal in 1825? (#10-Ja10)

    (1) Prices increased for food products along the Atlantic Coast.

    (2) Farmers could more easily ship grain to eastern markets.

    (3) A territorial conflict began with Canada over the Great Lakes.

    (4) Railroads were forced to reduce their shipping rates.

     

    Base your answer to question 3 on the map below

     

    3. Based on the map, which statement is a valid conclusion?  (#12 - Ja09)

    (1) Port cities were not connected to railroads.

    (2) Railroads were more expensive to build than canals.

    (3) Most canals were abandoned before the Civil War.

    (4) Railroads were expanding more in the North than in the south

     

     

     4. During the first half of the 19th century, the  construction of canals and roads led to the (#13-Ju05)

    (1) expansion of trade between Midwestern farmers and eastern merchants

    (2) growth of plantation agriculture in Texas and New Mexico

    (3) severe economic decline of the South

    (4) bankruptcy of several railroad companies in the Mississippi Valley

     

    5. The Mississippi River system was an important economic resource during the first half of the

    1800s because it was used to  (#12-Ju07)

    (1) irrigate desert lands

    (2) transport farm goods to market

    (3) move immigrants to the Northeast

    (4) produce hydroelectric power

     

    6. How did completion of the Erie Canal in 1825 affect United States commerce? (#12-Ju11)

    (1) New York City lost business as manufacturing centers grew in the West.

    (2) United States exports to European countries declined.

    (3) Western farmers gained better access to East Coast markets.

    (4) The Midwest became the center of textile production.

     

    7. The completion of the Erie Canal in the early 19th century aided the economic development of the United States by (#8-Au05)

    (1) supplying water for the irrigation of western farms

    (2) lowering the cost of shipping goods from the Midwest to the Atlantic coast

    (3) providing a shipping route for cotton from the South to Europe

    (4) supplying waterpower for running factories and mills

     

         


    Monroe Doctrine

     

    8. The main purpose of the Monroe Doctrine (1823) was to  (#9-Au11)

    (1) stake a claim to Mexican territory

    (2) limit European influence in the Americas

    (3) force the British out of the Oregon Territory

    (4) establish full control over Canada

     

    9. A primary goal of the Monroe Doctrine (1823) was to (#9-Ja10)

    (1) prevent European intervention in Latin America

    (2) create an opportunity for the annexation of Canada

    (3) protect the site of a canal across Central America

    (4) help European nations establish new Western Hemisphere colonies

     

    10 The major purpose of the Monroe Doctrine (1823) was to (#10-Au06)

    (1) create a military alliance for the defense of North America

    (2) guarantee democratic governments in Latin America

    (3) secure new colonies in the Caribbean

    (4) limit European influence in the Western Hemisphere

     

    11.  The foreign policies of George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and James Monroe were similar in that they each (#7-Ja06)

    (1) supported wars against England

    (2) failed to acquire new territory

    (3) attempted to avoid involvement in European affairs

    (4) aided the French in return for their help during the Revolutionary War

     

    12. One similarity in the foreign policies of Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, and James Monroe was that they (#8-Ja 04)

    (1) favored France over England

    (2) promoted colonial expansion

    (3) came to the defense of Latin American nations

    (4) sought to avoid involvement in European political struggles

     

    13 The Monroe Doctrine (1823) was issued primarily because President James Monroe  (#11-Ja09)

    (1) wanted to warn European powers against intervention in Latin America

    (2) opposed the revolutions taking place in South America

    (3) needed to establish a foothold in Panama for a future canal

    (4) believed the United States should pursue overseas colonies

     

    14. A major purpose of the Monroe Doctrine (1823) was to  (#11-Au07)

    (1) limit European influence in the Western Hemisphere

    (2) establish United States colonies in South America

    (3) form military alliances with Latin American nations

    (4) avoid involvement in Canadian conflicts

     

    15. The Monroe Doctrine (1823) established the United States foreign policy that (#14-Ja11)

    (1) provided foreign aid to developing nations

    (2) opposed the creation of new colonies in Latin America

    (3) led directly to the Civil War

    (4) encouraged expansion into East Asia


    Manifest Destiny

     

     

    16. The principal goal of the supporters of Manifest Destiny in the 1840s was to (#10-Au08)

    (1) convince Canada to become part of the United States

    (2) expand United States territory to the Pacific Ocean

    (3) build a canal across Central America

    (4) acquire naval bases in the Caribbean

     

    17. In the 1840s, the term Manifest Destiny was used by many Americans to justify  (#9-Ju08)

    (1) the extension of slavery into the territories

    (2) war with Russia over the Oregon territory

    (3) the acquisition of colonies in Latin America

    (4) westward expansion into lands claimed by other nations

     

    18.  Which term did Americans use in the 1840s to describe the idea that the United States should  possess the entire continent? (#14-Ju05)

    (1) containment

    (2) globalization

    (3) Manifest Destiny

    (4) popular sovereignty

     

    19. In the 1840s, the term Manifest Destiny was used by many Americans to justify  (#9-Ju08)

    (1) the extension of slavery into the territories

    (2) war with Russia over the Oregon territory

    (3) the acquisition of colonies in Latin America

    (4) westward expansion into lands claimed by other nations

     

     

     

    20. Manifest Destiny was used to justify an American desire to  (#14- Ju09)

    (1) limit the number of immigrants entering the country

    (2) control the area located east of the Appalachian Mountains

    (3) expand the United States to the Pacific Ocean

    (4) warn European countries against colonizing Latin America

     

     

    21. Which action is most closely associated with the term Manifest Destiny? (#13-Ju10)

    (1) declaring independence from Great Britain

    (2) deciding to end the War of 1812

    (3) acquiring territory from Mexico in 1848

    (4) annexing Hawaii and the Philippines

     

     

     

    22. The term Manifest Destiny was first used to support (#8-Ju04)

    (1) independence from Great Britain

    (2) westward expansion to the Pacific Ocean

    (3) efforts to stop secession of Southern states

    (4) laws restricting labor union activity

     


    Jackson

     

    23. Which Supreme Court decision is most closely associated with the Trail of Tears?  (#10-Au11)

    (1) McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)

    (2) Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)

    (3) Worcester v. Georgia (1832)

    (4) Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)

     

    24. During the 1830s, the development of a national two-party political system was mainly the result of (#13-Ju11)

    (1) conflicts over the use of the Monroe Doctrine

    (2) debates over the National Bank and tariffs

    (3) disputes over the Oregon boundary

    (4) controversy over the Indian Removal Act

     

    25.  As a result of President Andrew Jackson’s policies, Native American Indians were (#14-Ja05)

    (1) relocated to reservations in Mexico

    (2) forcibly removed to areas west of the Mississippi River

    (3) gradually allowed to return to their ancestral lands

    (4) given United States citizenship

     

    26. President Andrew Jackson claimed that use of the spoils system increased democracy in the federal

    government because it (#13-Au 03)

    (1) removed property-holding qualifications for  voting

    (2) limited the role of the electoral college in presidential elections

    (3) allowed larger numbers of citizens to hold office

    (4) used nominating conventions to pick political party candidates

     

    27. During the presidency of Andrew Jackson, the spoils system resulted in (#12-Ju06)

    (1) federal laws being nullified by the states

    (2) elected officials rewarding their supporters  with government jobs

    (3) all free males being given the right to vote

    (4) the end of political corruption in the federal government

     

    28. President Andrew Jackson’s policy toward Native American Indians was created to  (#13-Ja09)

    (1) encourage Native American Indians to become part of mainstream American society

    (2) force Native American Indians to move west of the Mississippi River

    (3) improve educational opportunities for Native American Indians

    (4) grant citizenship to Native American Indians

     

     29. Starting with the election of President Andrew Jackson (1828), voter participation increased due to the (#14-Aug. ’10)

    a. passage of an amendment ending religious  qualifications for voting

    b. extension of suffrage to Native American Indians

    c. end of property requirements for voting by many states

    d. arrival of more immigrants from nations with democratic governments

     

    30. President Andrew Jackson’s policy toward Native American Indians was created to (13-Jan. ’09)

    a. encourage Native American Indians to become part of mainstream American society

    b. force Native American Indians to move west of the Mississippi River

    c. improve educational opportunities for Native American Indians

    d. grant citizenship to Native American Indians

     

    31. President Andrew Jackson used the spoils system to (#16-June ’07)

    a. veto bills he disliked

    b. enforce Supreme Court decisions

    c. move Native American Indians off their traditional lands

    d. provide jobs to political party supporters