World War II
A. Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.
B. Germany invades Poland.
C. MacArthur dictates a democratic constitution to Japan.
D. Allies invade Europe on D-Day.
1. Which sequence of these events related to World War II is in the correct chronological order?
(# 34 Jan 11’)
(1) D → B → A → C (3) C → A → B → D
(2) B → A → D → C (4) A → B → C → D
2. The primary purpose for the creation of the United Nations was to: (# 36-Jan 11’)
(1) Maintain an international army
(2) Promote peace through international agreements
(3) free Eastern European countries from communism
(4) Supply food to all member countries
3. What was a major result of the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944 (GI Bill)?
(1) Millions of veterans received a college education.
(2) Women kept their factory jobs after World War II.
(3) Jobs were created by the Manhattan Project.
(4) Veterans were exempted from gasoline
4. President Harry Truman changed the United States military after World War II by
(1) allowing women to serve in combat roles
(2) establishing an all-volunteer army
(3) banning racial segregation in the military
(4) withdrawing all military forces from Europe
5. A major purpose of the GI Bill was to provide World War II veterans with
(1) educational opportunities after the war
(2) protection against racial discrimination
(3) civilian jobs in the military
(4) increased Social Security payments
6. The Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) were
all part of the foreign policy of
(1) isolationism (3) colonialism
(2) détente (4) containment
7. In Korematsu v. United States (1944), the Supreme Court said that the removal of Japanese
Americans from their homes was constitutional because
(1) most Japanese Americans were not United States citizens
(2) many Japanese Americans refused to serve in the United States Armed Forces
(3) this type of action was necessary during a national emergency
(4) there was strong evidence of significant Japanese sabotage on the West Coast
8. Which statement most accurately describes the foreign policy change made by the United States
between the start of World War II (1939) and the attack on Pearl Harbor (1941)?
(1) The traditional isolationism of the United States was strengthened.
(2) The nation shifted from neutrality to military support for the Allies.
(3) War was declared on Germany but not on Japan.
(4) Financial aid was offered to both the Allied
9. A main purpose of government-ordered rationing during World War II was to
(1) increase foreign trade
(2) limit the growth of industry
(3) conserve raw materials for the war effort
(4) encourage women to enter the workforce
“. . . The Director of the War Relocation Authority is authorized and directed to formulate and
effectuate [implement] a program for the removal, from the areas designated from time to
time by the Secretary of War or appropriate military commander under the authority of
Executive Order No. 9066 of February 19, 1942, of the persons or classes of persons designated
under such Executive Order, and for their relocation, maintenance, and supervision. . . .”
— Executive Order 9102, March 18, 1942
10. Shortly after this executive order was signed, federal government authorities began to
(1) move Japanese Americans to internment camps
(2) deport German and Italian aliens
(3) detain and interrogate Chinese immigrants
(4) arrest the individuals who planned the attack on Pearl Harbor
11. In this statement, President Franklin D. Roosevelt was asking the nation to
(1) support a declaration of war against Nazi Germany
(2) adopt a policy of containment
(3) join the League of Nations
(4) become the “arsenal of democracy”
12. Which factor contributed to the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II?
(1) labor shortage during the war
(2) influence of racial prejudice
(3) increase of terrorist activities on the West Coast
(4) fear of loss of jobs to Japanese workers
13. At the beginning of World War II, national debate focused on whether the United States
should continue the policy of
(1) coexistence (3) imperialism
(2) containment (4) isolationism
14. Before entering World War II, the United States acted as the “arsenal of democracy” by
(1) creating a weapons stockpile for use after the war
(2) financing overseas radio broadcasts in support of democracy
(3) providing workers for overseas factories
(4) supplying war materials to the Allies
15. Why was the United States called the “arsenal of democracy” in 1940?
(1) The leaders in the democratic nations of Europe were educated in the United States.
(2) Most of the battles to defend worldwide democracy took place on American soil.
(3) The United States supervised elections in European nations before the war.
(4) The United States provided much of the weaponry needed to fight the Axis powers.
16. Shortly after entering World War II, the United States began the Manhattan Project to
(1) work on the development of an atomic bomb
(2) increase economic production to meet wartime demands
(3) defend New York City against a nuclear attack
(4) recruit men for the military services
17. The experiences of African Americans serving in the military forces during World War II
influenced their postwar decision to
(1) renew support for the principle of separate but equal
(2) join the armed forces in record numbers
(3) increase efforts to end racial discrimination
(4) move back to the rural south