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 World War II
 
 
  • America's policy prior to the war was isolationism.  The Senate specifically and Americans in general were concerned about getting involved in European affairs.

 

  • In the late 1930's, Hitler formed an alliance with Japan and Italy.  Hitler was expanding German territory.  In September of 1939, Hitler invaded Poland and WWII started.  Germany was at war with England and France.

 

  • The U.S. sold military goods under the "cash and carry" policy, hoping not to become involved in the war.
 
  • When Britain was running short on funds, the U.S. Government instituted the "lend-lease"  program which provided miliatry equipment to the British.
 
Causes of WWII
 
Remember the Long Term Causes of War
 
Militarism - Germany had been building up its military
Alliances - The Berlin, Tokyo, Rome Axis was formed.
Imperialism - Germany was taking over regions in Europe.
Naitonalism - Germany was trying to build up his 3rd Reich (empire)
 
Immediate Cause of WWII for the U.S.
  • Dec. 7, 1941 - Attach on U.S. Naval Station at Pearl Harbor.
  • Japan was trying to knock out U.S. Naval power in the South

          Pacific.

 
Key Events
 
On Dec. 8th, President Roosevelt goes before Congress to ask for a Declaration of War.  Roosevelt refers to December 7th as a day "which will live in infamy."
 
On this same day, the FBI started to round up Japanese Americans in fear that these American citizens might be spying on the U.S. for Japan.
Koramatsu Case
 
Major Battles:
 
America on the homefront:
  • Victory gardens
  • War bonds were sold by the government to raise money for the 

         war effort.

  • Rationing of consumer goods
  • Women working in factories.
  • Manhattan Project - the building of the Atomic Bomb
 
The dropping of the Atomic Bomb.
Results/effects of the the war.
 
 
 
VE day - Victory in Europe Day
 
 
 VJ Day - Victory over Japan
 

World War II

 

A. Japan attacks Pearl Harbor.

B. Germany invades Poland.

C. MacArthur dictates a democratic constitution  to Japan.

D. Allies invade Europe on D-Day.

1. Which sequence of these events related to World War II is in the correct chronological order?

(# 34 Jan 11’)

(1) D B A C (3) C A B D

(2) B A D C (4) A B C D

 

2. The primary purpose for the creation of the United Nations was to: (# 36-Jan 11’)

(1) Maintain an international army

(2) Promote peace through international agreements

(3) free Eastern European countries from communism

(4) Supply food to all member countries

 

3. What was a major result of the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act of 1944 (GI Bill)?

(1) Millions of veterans received a college education.

(2) Women kept their factory jobs after World War II.

(3) Jobs were created by the Manhattan Project.

(4) Veterans were exempted from gasoline

 

4. President Harry Truman changed the United States military after World War II by

(1) allowing women to serve in combat roles

(2) establishing an all-volunteer army

(3) banning racial segregation in the military

(4) withdrawing all military forces from Europe

 

5. A major purpose of the GI Bill was to provide World War II veterans with

(1) educational opportunities after the war

(2) protection against racial discrimination

(3) civilian jobs in the military

(4) increased Social Security payments

 

6.  The Truman Doctrine, the Marshall Plan, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) were

      all part of the foreign policy of

(1) isolationism                 (3) colonialism

(2) détente                         (4) containment

 

7.  In Korematsu v. United States (1944), the Supreme Court said that the removal of Japanese

     Americans from their homes was constitutional because

(1) most Japanese Americans were not United States citizens

(2) many Japanese Americans refused to serve in the United States Armed Forces

(3) this type of action was necessary during a national emergency

(4) there was strong evidence of significant Japanese sabotage on the West Coast

 

 

8. Which statement most accurately describes the foreign policy change made by the United States

    between the start of World War II (1939) and the attack on Pearl Harbor (1941)?

(1) The traditional isolationism of the United States was strengthened.

(2) The nation shifted from neutrality to military support for the Allies.

(3) War was declared on Germany but not on Japan.

(4) Financial aid was offered to both the Allied

 

9.  A main purpose of government-ordered rationing during World War II was to

(1) increase foreign trade

(2) limit the growth of industry

(3) conserve raw materials for the war effort

(4) encourage women to enter the workforce

 

 

 “. . . The Director of the War Relocation Authority is authorized and directed to formulate and

effectuate [implement] a program for the removal, from the areas designated from time to

time by the Secretary of War or appropriate military commander under the authority of

Executive Order No. 9066 of February 19, 1942, of the persons or classes of persons designated

under such Executive Order, and for their relocation, maintenance, and supervision. . . .”

— Executive Order 9102, March 18, 1942

 

10. Shortly after this executive order was signed, federal government authorities began to

(1) move Japanese Americans to internment camps

(2) deport German and Italian aliens

(3) detain and interrogate Chinese immigrants

(4) arrest the individuals who planned the attack on Pearl Harbor

 

11.  In this statement, President Franklin D. Roosevelt was asking the nation to

(1) support a declaration of war against Nazi Germany

(2) adopt a policy of containment

(3) join the League of Nations

(4) become the “arsenal of democracy”

 

12.  Which factor contributed to the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II?

(1) labor shortage during the war

(2) influence of racial prejudice

(3) increase of terrorist activities on the West Coast

(4) fear of loss of jobs to Japanese workers

 

13.  At the beginning of World War II, national debate focused on whether the United States

       should continue the policy of

(1) coexistence                                 (3) imperialism

(2) containment                                 (4) isolationism

 

14.  Before entering World War II, the United States acted as the “arsenal of democracy” by

(1) creating a weapons stockpile for use after the war

(2) financing overseas radio broadcasts in support of democracy

(3) providing workers for overseas factories

(4) supplying war materials to the Allies

 

 

15. Why was the United States called the “arsenal of democracy” in 1940?

(1) The leaders in the democratic nations of Europe were educated in the United States.

(2) Most of the battles to defend worldwide democracy took place on American soil.

(3) The United States supervised elections in European nations before the war.

(4) The United States provided much of the weaponry needed to fight the Axis powers.

 

16.  Shortly after entering World War II, the United States began the Manhattan Project to

(1) work on the development of an atomic bomb

(2) increase economic production to meet wartime demands

(3) defend New York City against a nuclear attack

(4) recruit men for the military services

 

17.  The experiences of African Americans serving in the military forces during World War II

        influenced their postwar decision to

(1) renew support for the principle of separate but equal

(2) join the armed forces in record numbers

(3) increase efforts to end racial discrimination

(4) move back to the rural south